What is lean dough

A lean dough does not have added fat, eggs, dairy, and sugars, hence it is considered lean. They most often consist of just flour, water, salt, and yeast.

What makes a lean dough?

A lean dough is a dough that is normally only 4 ingredients with little to no fat or sugar. Typically it’s just flour, salt, water and yeast. It can have sugar/honey or even oil in it (think perhaps pizza dough) but it’s such a small amount.

What’s the difference between lean dough and rich dough?

Lean bread contains little to no fat, and any fat present is oftentimes contributed by oil. Think pita, ciabatta, or a nice crusty loaf. Enriched bread, on the other hand, contains a high percentage of fat – most often thanks to eggs, milk, and/or butter – and is also sweeter than its lean counterpart.

What is lean dough texture?

Lean doughs contain only a small amount of sugar and fat, if any. Breads made from lean dough tend to have a chewier texture, more bite and a crisp crust. Hard rolls, French- and Italian-style breads, and whole wheat, rye and pumpernickel breads are considered lean.

How do we bake lean dough and why?


Depending on the size and shape of the dough, bake it until the top and sides are medium brown. Once done the bottom should sound hollow. You can even test the temperature by inserting a thermometer from the bottom of the loaf into the center of the dough. The temperature should register between 200-210°F (95-99°C).

What is lean dough in baking?

LEAN DOUGHS: A lean dough is a dough low in fat and sugar. Hard crust breads and rolls such as French and Italian breads and pizza crusts. Other white and whole wheat breads and dinner rolls. These are higher in fat and sugar and sometimes contain eggs and milk solids, because they are richer, they have a softer crust.

What are the 2 types of dough?


Traditionally, there are two categories: leavened and unleavened doughs.

  1. Leavened Dough Leavened dough is dough that has risen to its final form. …
  2. Unleavened Dough Unleavened doughs belong to all of those baked treats that don’t rise in the oven (or pot), but rather stay thin or flaky.

Is lean bread healthy?


Lean Bread is a bread made with cereals, fluffy and full of taste! High in fibre, it is popular in low-carbohydrate diets and for a balanced and healthy lifestyle in general. With 62% fewer carbohydrates than whole-wheat bread, and enriched with protein, it’s highly recommended to maintain a balanced weight.

Is sandwich bread lean or enriched?

Hamburger buns, hotdog buns, pizza dough, rolls, sandwich bread, tortillas, and flatbread, are all examples of enriched dough. It’s possible to make some of these varieties without being enriched, like pizza dough for example. But if you want a soft crust, you’re going to need fat.

What is an example of rich dough?

This weeks class covered rich doughs. Rich doughs are yeast-based doughs that contain butter, cream, some kind of fat or eggs. Rich dough produces a bread that is soft with a tender cake-like texture.

What is lean sourdough?


In fact, once we answer it for you, I bet you’ll say, “Ahhh, that makes sense.” A lean dough does not have added fat, eggs, dairy, and sugars, hence it is considered lean. They most often consist of just flour, water, salt, and yeast. Common bread varieties made from lean dough are artisan loaves with crispy crusts.

What’s a soft medium dough?

A Soft medium dough produces items with a soft crumb and crust. The percentage of fat and sugar in these doughs is 6% to 9%. Soft medium dough is elastic and tears easily. Yeast products made from soft medium dough include Pullman bread.

How is bread flour different from AP flour?


The main difference between bread flour and all-purpose flour is a matter of protein. Bread flour, which comes in white and whole wheat varieties, has a higher protein content than all-purpose, usually 11-13%. It’s called “bread flour” because most bread requires higher amounts of protein to produce lots of gluten.

Is French bread lean dough?

According to the French law Décret Pain, real French bread can only be made with the basic four ingredients of wheat flour, water, salt and yeast. The absence of oil makes for a lean dough and a crusty loaf designed to be eaten within the day.

How long should you rest bread dough?

If you want to let you dough proof for longer, try bulk-fermenting it in a cooler place, but don’t allow it to go longer than three hours or structure and flavor may be compromised. For the workhorse loaf, a bulk proof of approximately two hours gives us the optimal balance of flavor and texture.

When preparing a pan for lean dough one appropriate method is to?


Term BaguetteDefinition Bread of French origin, shaped into a skinny loaf
Term What is an appropriate method for preparing a pan for lean dough?Definition Directly on hearth line with parchment paper dust with cornmeal or semolina flour

Which of the following breads is considered a lean dough quizlet?

French bread, hard rolls, rye bread and whole wheat bread are all examples of lean dough products.

Can you add yeast to dough that didn’t rise?

If your bread dough doesn’t rise, you can still use it and fix it by changing up the temperature or mixing in more yeast. Keep reading for instructions on how to revive your dough and learn the top reasons behind why dough won’t rise.

What are the 3 kinds of dough?

There are three types of pastry dough in a classically trained chef’s arsenal that should be known by heart. To the uninformed observer, these doughs may seem quite similar, even interchangeable.

What are types of dough?

Types of dough

  1. Brioche – Flour, eggs and a large quantity of butter.
  2. Challah – egg dough.
  3. Crêpe.
  4. Focaccia – for Italian leavened flat bread.
  5. Pasta dough – for making noodles, ravioli, etc.
  6. Pizza Dough.
  7. Rolled-In Dough – for croissants and Danish pastries.
  8. Sourdough – made from a cultured starter.

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